SAMBO RULES

RISE Championships adopts the same weight class, uniform standards, rules and regulations from FIAS which is the world governing body for Sambo. An in depth overview or the rules and other standards can be downloaded here in the FIAS PDF.

OFFICIATING RULES
In Sambo it is permitted to use attacking and defensive actions in different athlete’s positions.
I. Positions of athletes
1. Standing – the position when an athlete only touches the mat with the soles of the feet (is standing on both feet/one foot).
2. Lying – the position when an athlete touches the mat with any part of the body except the feet.
While in the lying position as well as while falling down following a throw or when moving to a lying position, athletes may find themselves:
a) on their back – a position where both their shoulder blades touch the mat or they rapidly (without stopping) roll over on their backs; the “bridge” position where their backs are up against the mat and they are only touching it with their feet and head;
b) on their side – a position where athletes are touching the mat with one shoulder blade and their backs at the shoulder level make an angle up to 90 degrees in relation to the mat; a “half bridge” position when athletes find themselves with their backs to the mat and only touch it with their feet, head and shoulder;
c) on their chest and stomach – a position where athletes touch the mat with their chest or stomach and their backs at the shoulder level form an obtuse angle in relation to the mat;
d) on their buttocks or lower back – a position where athletes touch the mat with one (two) buttocks or the lower back;
e) on their shoulders – a position where athletes touch the mat with their shoulder joint or shoulder pressed to the body;
f) on their knee(s) – a position where athletes touch the mat with their knee(s) yet can rest on their heels without their buttocks touching the mat surface;
g) on their hand(s) – a position where athletes touch the mat surface with their hand(s). 3. Standing fight – athletes fight in a standing position.
4. Lying fight – athletes fight in a lying position.
II. Throws
1. A throw is regarded as a technical move by an athlete that results in the opponent losing balance, falling on the mat and touching it with any part of the body except the feet, i.e. in one of the lying positions.
A counter-throw is a throw whereby a defender takes the initiative in response to the opponent’s attacking action, stopping the opponent’s attack and altering the direction of the attacker’s fall.
Unsuccessful throw – a throw whereby the attacker moves (falls) into one of the lying positions as a result of an unsuccessful attempt to make a throw not resulting from an active counter move by the opponent.
2. Only throws made by an athlete from the standing position prior to the throw (before the opponent starts to fall) shall be assessed, while the contestant being attacked may be in the lying position.
A throw shall be regarded as having been made without falling if the attacker remains in the standing position during the throw (from the start to the end of the throw).
3. A throw shall be regarded as having been made with a fall if the attacker moves to a lying position in the process of making the throw or is resting on a lying opponent in order to maintain balance (hand or foot).
4. Any rollover into the lying position by both athletes as well as throws made by an athlete in the lying position shall not be assessed.
5. An assessment of the technical moves by an athlete in the standing position who fully lifts an opponent in the lying position from the mat and rotates the opponent in a longitudinal, transverse or sagittal axes (or combined rotation) shall be evaluated in a similar manner to the technical moves made from a standing position.
III. Painful holds
1. A Painful hold shall involve locking an opponent’s arm(s) or leg(s) in the lying position in order to perform the following moves: bending (lever) or rotating a joint (knot), or squeezing the tendons or muscles (pinch), thus forcing an opponent to submit.
The start of the Painful hold shall be regarded as the moment in the fight when the attacker seizes one of the opponent’s limbs in order to inflict pain on the latter. One minute shall be allocated for the Painful hold.
2. It shall only be permitted to start Painful holds during fights when the defender is in a lying position, while the attacker may be in a standing position.
3. The use of a Painful hold (on the leg or the arm) must be stopped as soon as the defender moves to the standing position.
IV. Hold-down
1. A Hold-down shall be regarded as a hold whereby an athlete forces an opponent to lie with his back to the mat for a specified period of time and presses his own body (chest, side or back) against the opponent’s body (or presses the opponent’s arms against the body).
2. The counting of a Hold-down shall begin from the moment the attacker presses his body (chest, side or back) against the opponent’s body and holds him in a position on his shoulder blades.
3. The Hold-down shall end if the athlete who is pinned moves to a position on his chest, stomach or buttocks (but not on the lower back) at which the angle between the back at the shoulder held and the mat surface is more than 90 degrees; if the downed athlete pushes away the attacker or when the attacker switches to a painful hold.
Start and end of matches
1. Athletes shall be called to the mat to take part in a fight.
2. Prior to the start of the fight, the athlete called first (in a red uniform) shall stand in the red corner of the mat, while the opponent (in a blue uniform) shall stand in the blue corner. After being introduced, the athletes shall come to the center of the mat upon the Arbiter’s signal and shake hands. They shall then take a step back and begin fighting upon the Arbiter’s whistle.
3. The fight shall end upon a sound signal (gong) and not upon a repeat whistle blow by the Arbiter.
4. Upon completion of the fight, the athletes shall take the same positions on the mat as before the fight. In order to announce the result of the fight, the Arbiter shall call the athletes to the center, take their wrists and raise the arm of the winner after which the athletes shall shake hands and leave the mat.
Course and duration of fight
1. The duration of fights (preliminary matches and fights for medals) shall be set at:
 for adults and juniors (men) – 5 minutes;
 for adults and juniors (women) – 4 minutes;
 for youths and cadets (boys, girls) – 4 minutes;
 for veterans: men – 4 minutes, men over 65 – 3 minutes, women – 3 minutes.
The duration of repechage matches shall be 3 minutes.
2. The time of a fight shall start being counted upon the first whistle by the Arbiter. The time of breaks shall not be included in the net (actual) time of the fight.
In exceptional cases, it shall be permitted to include the time of breaks not accompanied by the Arbiter’s signal for “Time stoppage” in the actual time of the fight (except semi-finals and finals) if such is stipulated in the Regulation on Competitions.
3. During the course of the fight, the athletes may not leave the boundary of the mat without the Arbiter’s permission.
An athlete may leave the mat to change Sambo uniforms based on the Arbiter’s decision with mandatory accompaniment by the side referee.
4. Athletes shall be given no more than 2 minutes for medical assistance during a single fight.
During fights, medical assistance shall only be provided in cases of injuries (cuts, abrasions) to open skin areas.
Medical assistance shall be provided directly on the mat (edge of the mat).
Violations of the uniform code shall be prohibited when providing medical assistance.
Break between fights
The break between fights must be at least 10 minutes for adults and juniors and at least 15 minutes for youths, teenagers and veterans.
Fight result and assessment
1. A fight may result in victory by one of the athletes and defeat by the other as well as the defeat of both athletes. 2. Victory may be:
a) total;
b) on points;
c) minimal advantage;
d) the withdrawal of both athletes from the fight or the competition (disqualification) (premature).
Total victory
1. Total victory shall be awarded: a) for a Total throw;
b) in the event of a painful signal during a painful hold or hold-down, in the event of an 8 or more point advantage by one of the athletes;
d) in the event the opponent withdraws from the fight;
e) in the event the opponent withdraws from the competition (disqualification).
2. A Total throw shall be regarded as a throw without the attacker falling that results in the defender in the standing position falling on his back or rolling on his back rapidly (without stopping) or falling into the “bridge” position.
3. A painful hold shall be counted in the event that one of the athletes gives the painful signal.
The painful signal shall be given by loudly shouting “Yes!” or by tapping one’s hand or foot twice on the mat, on one’s body or on the opponent’s body.
Any shout made by a contestant in a painful hold shall be considered a painful signal.
4. A hold-down shall be counted as total victory if the contestant being hold-down gives the painful signal during the hold- down.
5. If during the fight one of the athletes gains 8 (or more) points more than the opponent, the fight shall be stopped and this athlete shall be awarded total victory.
6. An athlete shall be removed from a fight under the decision of the assistant Chief Referee and the opponent awarded total victory:
a. in the event of a repeat attempt to use a prohibited hold;
b. for failure to appear on the mat within 2 minutes after the first call;
c. if an athlete is unable to receive medical assistance in the allotted 2 minutes;
d. after two warnings in the event of the need to issue a third warning if the three referees are unanimous in the opinion
or if the majority opinion of the three referees is supported by the assistant Chief Referee .
In such cases, the winner shall receive 4 qualifying points and the loser shall receive 0 points. The fight shall be regarded as ended early and its time shall be recorded in the score sheet.
7. An athlete shall be removed from a competition (disqualified) under the decision of the Chief Referee based on the condition of his heath with total victory awarded to the opponent:
a. if in a doctor’s opinion the athlete is unable to continue participating in the competition in case of illness or due to injury received during the course of the fight.
In addition, the winner shall receive 4 qualifying points, while the disqualified athlete shall receive 0 points (taking a place in accordance with the results at the time of withdrawal for classification).
8. An athlete shall be removed from a competition (disqualified) under the decision of the Chief Referee for the following prohibited actions:
a. for rude and unethical behavior with respect to an opponent, contestants, referees or spectators, refusal to shake an opponent’s hand or for improper handshaking;
b. for using a prohibited hold that results in injury to an opponent and the latter’s inability to continue the competition in a doctor’s opinion;
c. for deceiving officials.
An athlete disqualified from a competition shall receive 0 qualifying points (does not receive any personal or team placement or medals in classification). The opponent shall receive 4 qualifying points.
Victory on points
If at the end of the fight one of the athletes has an advantage of 1 to 7 points, the athlete shall be awarded victory with an advantage.
In this case, the winner shall receive 3 qualifying points. The loser shall receive 1 qualifying point provided that he has technical points at the end of the fight or 0 qualifying points if he has no technical points.
Victory with a minimum advantage
1. In the event of an equal number of points at the conclusion of the fight, a technical victory shall be awarded to the athlete who has more points for technical moves (throws, hold-downs).
2. In the event of an equal number of technical points, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who performed more high quality holds (more holds assessed at 4 and 2 points).
3. If all indicators are equal for the assessment of the moves of both athletes, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who was the last to perform an assessed hold (1, 2, 4 points) during the fight.
4. If at the end of the fight neither athlete has any technical points and the number of warnings is equal, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who received the last assessment for the warning issued to the opponent.
5. If at the end of the fight neither athlete has any technical points and the number of cautions is equal, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who received the first caution.
In such cases, the winner shall receive 2 qualifying points and the loser shall receive 0 qualifying points.
Elimination of both athletes from a fight or competition (disqualification).
In the event of the elimination (disqualification) of both contestants, they shall be given a result of 0:0 with 0 qualifying points awarded.
In this case, the athletes shall not receive any personal or team placement or medals.
Assessment of holds
1. Holds applied by an attacker that do not provide total victory shall be assessed by points. The quality and, accordingly, the assessment of a throw shall depend on:
– whether the throw took place with or without falling;
– on what part of the body the opponent fell as a result of the throw. 2. Four points shall be awarded:
a) for a throw with a fall in which the opponent fell on his back or into the “bridge” position;
b) for a throw without a fall in which the opponent fell on his side or in the “half bridge” position; c) for hold-down over 20 seconds.
3. Two points shall be awarded:
a) for a throw with a fall in which the opponent fell on his side or into the “half bridge” position;
b) for a throw without a fall in which the opponent fell on his chest, stomach, buttocks, lower back or shoulder; c) for an incomplete hold-down lasting more than 10 seconds;
d) for a second warning issued to an opponent.
4. One point shall be awarded:
a) for a throw with a fall in which the opponent fell on his chest, stomach, buttocks, lower back or shoulder; b) for a first warning issued to an opponent.

2. Points shall not be awarded to an opponent for an unsuccessful throw by the attacker with a fall during which the attacker himself falls on his buttocks, chest, stomach, side or back if no counterattack was made.
If the defender during a counterattack was unable to alter the nature and direction of the attacker’s fall and falls himself in the direction of the throw, this shall be regarded as a throw by the attacker.

3. Pinning holds performed during a single fight may not be assessed a total of more than 4 points. During a single fight, no more than two assessed pinning holds may be performed provided that the first pinning hold was not complete (assessment of 2 points).
4. The interruption of a fight at the request of the defender who is in a pinning hold or a submission hold shall be regarded as a submission signal unless it is caused by a violation of the Rules by the attacker. In this case, the attacker shall be awarded clear victory.
Stalling
Stalling from a fight shall be regarded as:
a) freely leaving the boundary of the fighting area in a standing or lying position;
b) the lack of real attempts to engage in holds in the standing position;
c) imitating attacking actions (false attack);
d) stalling against holds in the standing position;
e) moving to the lying position without any real attempts to engage in holds;
f) obvious pushing from the mat – of the carpet is a deliberate action aimed to remove the opponent out of the
working area without any technical action.
Actions near the edge of the mat
1. Athletes shall be regarded as in the “off mat” position (outside the edge of the mat) if:
a) one of the athletes steps outside the edge of the mat with both feet in the standing position;
b) half of one of the athlete’s bodies is outside the edge of the mat in the lying position at the waist line or shoulder
blades and buttocks.
2. The “off mat” position shall be determined by the referee during the fight and by a majority of the three officials when discussing disputed issues.
3. If the athletes find themselves “off mat”, they shall return to the center of the mat upon the referee’s whistle and resume the match in standing position. Athletes should not stop fighting near the edge of the mat and invite an opponent to the middle without the referee’s whistle. A throw (counter-throw) that begins in the official part of the mat and ends outside the mat shall be assessed.
A throw that begins “off mat” shall not be assessed.
4. Hold-downs and painful holds that begin on the mat shall be permitted to take place until one of the athletes is still in contact with the official part of the mat.
Prohibited holds and actions
1. The following shall be prohibited in Sambo sports competitions:
a) throw an opponent on his head, throw an opponent while in a submission hold (“knot”, “lever”), throw an opponent
while falling on him with all one’s weight;
b) using a choke hold and also pinching an opponent’s mouth and nose to hinder breathing;
c) punches, scratching and biting;
d) perform any holds on the spine, twist the neck, press on an opponent’s head with arms or legs or to the mat, or
straighten crossed legs on an opponent’s body;
e) rest on an opponent’s face with arms, legs or head;
f) press an elbow or knee down on any part of an opponent’s body;
g) grab an opponent’s fingers or toes;
h) bend hands around the spine or perform submission holds on hands;
i) twist an opponent’s heel and make “knots” on the leg;
j) make the knee a “lever” by bending the leg against its natural bend;
k) performing submission holds while in the standing position;
l) perform submission holds with a jerking motion;
m) grab shorts, the bottom of the jacket, the ends of the belt or the sleeves of an opponent’s jacket from the inside;
n) deliberately violate the sports uniform (remove an arm from the jacket sleeve, roll up a jacket sleeve, remove
Sambo shoes, etc.).
2.If the officials fail to notice a prohibited hold by one of the athletes, the victim may give a signal using his voice or a gesture.
Giving a false signal shall be viewed and punished as (deceiving the officials).
Cautions and warnings
1. Violations of the Rules for which an athlete may be cautioned shall be regarded as: – talking on the mat;
– stalling from fighting;
– tardiness to the mat by more than 30 seconds after the first call;
– leaving the mat without the Arbiter’s permission (including for medical assistance);
– unethical behavior by a representative, referee or other team members close to the mat.
An athlete may not receive more than one caution over the course of a fight. The Arbiter shall be entitled to caution an athlete without the agreement of the other two officials.
2. In addition to cautions, athletes may also receive warnings. Warnings are divided into warnings issued without a preliminary caution and warnings issues with a preliminary caution.
a) warnings with a preliminary caution shall be issued for:
– tardiness to the mat (first warning after 1 minute; second warnings after 1.5 minutes);
– talking on the mat;
– stalling from the fight;
– leaving the mat without the Arbiter’s permission (including for medical assistance);
– unethical behavior by a representative, referee or other team members close to the mat. b) warnings without a preliminary caution shall be issued for:
– applying a prohibited hold;
– rude behavior during the match;
– violating discipline;
– deliberate crawling away from a submission hold or pinning hold outside the official area *.
During the fight, the first and second warnings are issued to an athlete(s) based on the decision of the majority of the officiating board. No more than a total of two warnings may be issued against an athlete within a single fight.
*Athletes shall be given a second warning for the repeat deliberate crawling away from a painful hold or hold-down
outside the official area.
3. Athletes may be dismissed from a fight or disqualified (dismissed from a competition) for violating the rules. Athletes shall be dismissed from a fight:
– in the event of a repeat attempt to commit the actions (except for the deliberate crawling away from a submission hold or pinning hold outside the official area);
– if an athlete is unable to receive medical assistance in the allotted 2 minutes;
– for tardiness to the mat by more than 2 minutes after the first call; An athlete shall be dismissed from a competition (disqualified):
– for rude and unethical behavior with respect to an opponent, contestants, officials and spectators and for the refusal to shake hands or for improperly shaking hands;
– for using a prohibited hold that results in injury to an opponent and the latter’s inability to continue the competition in a doctor’s opinion;
– for deceiving officials.
Determination and announcement of fight result
1. Total victory shall be awarded:
a) if an athlete’s technical action is assessed as a clean throw by at least two of the three officials;
b) in the event an athlete successfully performs a painful hold.
2. Victory with a total advantage, victory on points and minimal advantage shall be determined by the Mat Chairman based on the entries in the fight score sheet made in accordance with the assessments of the athletes’ actions announced during the fight.
3. An athlete (both athletes) shall be dismissed from the fight based on the unanimous decision of the officiating board or with a majority of votes with the consent of the assistant chief official.
The announcement about dismissal from a fight or competition shall be made following coordination with the assistant Chief Referee .
4. The result shall be announced as follows:
The mat on which the fight took place shall be announced first followed by the color of the winner’s uniform and finally the name of the winner.
Example: “On Mat A victory was secured by the athlete in the red uniform – Ivan Ivanov”.

RISE Championships adopts the same weight class, uniform standards, rules and regulations from FIAS which is the world governing body for Sambo. An in depth overview or the rules and other standards can be downloaded here in the FIAS PDF.

OFFICIATING RULES
In Sambo it is permitted to use attacking and defensive actions in different athlete’s positions.
I. Positions of athletes
1. Standing – the position when an athlete only touches the mat with the soles of the feet (is standing on both feet/one foot).
2. Lying – the position when an athlete touches the mat with any part of the body except the feet.
While in the lying position as well as while falling down following a throw or when moving to a lying position, athletes may find themselves:
a) on their back – a position where both their shoulder blades touch the mat or they rapidly (without stopping) roll over on their backs; the “bridge” position where their backs are up against the mat and they are only touching it with their feet and head;
b) on their side – a position where athletes are touching the mat with one shoulder blade and their backs at the shoulder level make an angle up to 90 degrees in relation to the mat; a “half bridge” position when athletes find themselves with their backs to the mat and only touch it with their feet, head and shoulder;
c) on their chest and stomach – a position where athletes touch the mat with their chest or stomach and their backs at the shoulder level form an obtuse angle in relation to the mat;
d) on their buttocks or lower back – a position where athletes touch the mat with one (two) buttocks or the lower back;
e) on their shoulders – a position where athletes touch the mat with their shoulder joint or shoulder pressed to the body;
f) on their knee(s) – a position where athletes touch the mat with their knee(s) yet can rest on their heels without their buttocks touching the mat surface;
g) on their hand(s) – a position where athletes touch the mat surface with their hand(s). 3. Standing fight – athletes fight in a standing position.
4. Lying fight – athletes fight in a lying position.
II. Throws
1. A throw is regarded as a technical move by an athlete that results in the opponent losing balance, falling on the mat and touching it with any part of the body except the feet, i.e. in one of the lying positions.
A counter-throw is a throw whereby a defender takes the initiative in response to the opponent’s attacking action, stopping the opponent’s attack and altering the direction of the attacker’s fall.
Unsuccessful throw – a throw whereby the attacker moves (falls) into one of the lying positions as a result of an unsuccessful attempt to make a throw not resulting from an active counter move by the opponent.
2. Only throws made by an athlete from the standing position prior to the throw (before the opponent starts to fall) shall be assessed, while the contestant being attacked may be in the lying position.
A throw shall be regarded as having been made without falling if the attacker remains in the standing position during the throw (from the start to the end of the throw).
3. A throw shall be regarded as having been made with a fall if the attacker moves to a lying position in the process of making the throw or is resting on a lying opponent in order to maintain balance (hand or foot).
4. Any rollover into the lying position by both athletes as well as throws made by an athlete in the lying position shall not be assessed.
5. An assessment of the technical moves by an athlete in the standing position who fully lifts an opponent in the lying position from the mat and rotates the opponent in a longitudinal, transverse or sagittal axes (or combined rotation) shall be evaluated in a similar manner to the technical moves made from a standing position.
III. Painful holds
1. A Painful hold shall involve locking an opponent’s arm(s) or leg(s) in the lying position in order to perform the following moves: bending (lever) or rotating a joint (knot), or squeezing the tendons or muscles (pinch), thus forcing an opponent to submit.
The start of the Painful hold shall be regarded as the moment in the fight when the attacker seizes one of the opponent’s limbs in order to inflict pain on the latter. One minute shall be allocated for the Painful hold.
2. It shall only be permitted to start Painful holds during fights when the defender is in a lying position, while the attacker may be in a standing position.
3. The use of a Painful hold (on the leg or the arm) must be stopped as soon as the defender moves to the standing position.
IV. Hold-down
1. A Hold-down shall be regarded as a hold whereby an athlete forces an opponent to lie with his back to the mat for a specified period of time and presses his own body (chest, side or back) against the opponent’s body (or presses the opponent’s arms against the body).
2. The counting of a Hold-down shall begin from the moment the attacker presses his body (chest, side or back) against the opponent’s body and holds him in a position on his shoulder blades.
3. The Hold-down shall end if the athlete who is pinned moves to a position on his chest, stomach or buttocks (but not on the lower back) at which the angle between the back at the shoulder held and the mat surface is more than 90 degrees; if the downed athlete pushes away the attacker or when the attacker switches to a painful hold.
Start and end of matches
1. Athletes shall be called to the mat to take part in a fight.
2. Prior to the start of the fight, the athlete called first (in a red uniform) shall stand in the red corner of the mat, while the opponent (in a blue uniform) shall stand in the blue corner. After being introduced, the athletes shall come to the center of the mat upon the Arbiter’s signal and shake hands. They shall then take a step back and begin fighting upon the Arbiter’s whistle.
3. The fight shall end upon a sound signal (gong) and not upon a repeat whistle blow by the Arbiter.
4. Upon completion of the fight, the athletes shall take the same positions on the mat as before the fight. In order to announce the result of the fight, the Arbiter shall call the athletes to the center, take their wrists and raise the arm of the winner after which the athletes shall shake hands and leave the mat.
Course and duration of fight
1. The duration of fights (preliminary matches and fights for medals) shall be set at:
 for adults and juniors (men) – 5 minutes;
 for adults and juniors (women) – 4 minutes;
 for youths and cadets (boys, girls) – 4 minutes;
 for veterans: men – 4 minutes, men over 65 – 3 minutes, women – 3 minutes.
The duration of repechage matches shall be 3 minutes.
2. The time of a fight shall start being counted upon the first whistle by the Arbiter. The time of breaks shall not be included in the net (actual) time of the fight.
In exceptional cases, it shall be permitted to include the time of breaks not accompanied by the Arbiter’s signal for “Time stoppage” in the actual time of the fight (except semi-finals and finals) if such is stipulated in the Regulation on Competitions.
3. During the course of the fight, the athletes may not leave the boundary of the mat without the Arbiter’s permission.
An athlete may leave the mat to change Sambo uniforms based on the Arbiter’s decision with mandatory accompaniment by the side referee.
4. Athletes shall be given no more than 2 minutes for medical assistance during a single fight.
During fights, medical assistance shall only be provided in cases of injuries (cuts, abrasions) to open skin areas.
Medical assistance shall be provided directly on the mat (edge of the mat).
Violations of the uniform code shall be prohibited when providing medical assistance.
Break between fights
The break between fights must be at least 10 minutes for adults and juniors and at least 15 minutes for youths, teenagers and veterans.
Fight result and assessment
1. A fight may result in victory by one of the athletes and defeat by the other as well as the defeat of both athletes. 2. Victory may be:
a) total;
b) on points;
c) minimal advantage;
d) the withdrawal of both athletes from the fight or the competition (disqualification) (premature).
Total victory
1. Total victory shall be awarded: a) for a Total throw;
b) in the event of a painful signal during a painful hold or hold-down, in the event of an 8 or more point advantage by one of the athletes;
d) in the event the opponent withdraws from the fight;
e) in the event the opponent withdraws from the competition (disqualification).
2. A Total throw shall be regarded as a throw without the attacker falling that results in the defender in the standing position falling on his back or rolling on his back rapidly (without stopping) or falling into the “bridge” position.
3. A painful hold shall be counted in the event that one of the athletes gives the painful signal.
The painful signal shall be given by loudly shouting “Yes!” or by tapping one’s hand or foot twice on the mat, on one’s body or on the opponent’s body.
Any shout made by a contestant in a painful hold shall be considered a painful signal.
4. A hold-down shall be counted as total victory if the contestant being hold-down gives the painful signal during the hold- down.
5. If during the fight one of the athletes gains 8 (or more) points more than the opponent, the fight shall be stopped and this athlete shall be awarded total victory.
6. An athlete shall be removed from a fight under the decision of the assistant Chief Referee and the opponent awarded total victory:
a. in the event of a repeat attempt to use a prohibited hold;
b. for failure to appear on the mat within 2 minutes after the first call;
c. if an athlete is unable to receive medical assistance in the allotted 2 minutes;
d. after two warnings in the event of the need to issue a third warning if the three referees are unanimous in the opinion
or if the majority opinion of the three referees is supported by the assistant Chief Referee .
In such cases, the winner shall receive 4 qualifying points and the loser shall receive 0 points. The fight shall be regarded as ended early and its time shall be recorded in the score sheet.
7. An athlete shall be removed from a competition (disqualified) under the decision of the Chief Referee based on the condition of his heath with total victory awarded to the opponent:
a. if in a doctor’s opinion the athlete is unable to continue participating in the competition in case of illness or due to injury received during the course of the fight.
In addition, the winner shall receive 4 qualifying points, while the disqualified athlete shall receive 0 points (taking a place in accordance with the results at the time of withdrawal for classification).
8. An athlete shall be removed from a competition (disqualified) under the decision of the Chief Referee for the following prohibited actions:
a. for rude and unethical behavior with respect to an opponent, contestants, referees or spectators, refusal to shake an opponent’s hand or for improper handshaking;
b. for using a prohibited hold that results in injury to an opponent and the latter’s inability to continue the competition in a doctor’s opinion;
c. for deceiving officials.
An athlete disqualified from a competition shall receive 0 qualifying points (does not receive any personal or team placement or medals in classification). The opponent shall receive 4 qualifying points.
Victory on points
If at the end of the fight one of the athletes has an advantage of 1 to 7 points, the athlete shall be awarded victory with an advantage.
In this case, the winner shall receive 3 qualifying points. The loser shall receive 1 qualifying point provided that he has technical points at the end of the fight or 0 qualifying points if he has no technical points.
Victory with a minimum advantage
1. In the event of an equal number of points at the conclusion of the fight, a technical victory shall be awarded to the athlete who has more points for technical moves (throws, hold-downs).
2. In the event of an equal number of technical points, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who performed more high quality holds (more holds assessed at 4 and 2 points).
3. If all indicators are equal for the assessment of the moves of both athletes, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who was the last to perform an assessed hold (1, 2, 4 points) during the fight.
4. If at the end of the fight neither athlete has any technical points and the number of warnings is equal, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who received the last assessment for the warning issued to the opponent.
5. If at the end of the fight neither athlete has any technical points and the number of cautions is equal, victory shall be awarded to the athlete who received the first caution.
In such cases, the winner shall receive 2 qualifying points and the loser shall receive 0 qualifying points.
Elimination of both athletes from a fight or competition (disqualification).
In the event of the elimination (disqualification) of both contestants, they shall be given a result of 0:0 with 0 qualifying points awarded.
In this case, the athletes shall not receive any personal or team placement or medals.
Assessment of holds
1. Holds applied by an attacker that do not provide total victory shall be assessed by points. The quality and, accordingly, the assessment of a throw shall depend on:
– whether the throw took place with or without falling;
– on what part of the body the opponent fell as a result of the throw. 2. Four points shall be awarded:
a) for a throw with a fall in which the opponent fell on his back or into the “bridge” position;
b) for a throw without a fall in which the opponent fell on his side or in the “half bridge” position; c) for hold-down over 20 seconds.
3. Two points shall be awarded:
a) for a throw with a fall in which the opponent fell on his side or into the “half bridge” position;
b) for a throw without a fall in which the opponent fell on his chest, stomach, buttocks, lower back or shoulder; c) for an incomplete hold-down lasting more than 10 seconds;
d) for a second warning issued to an opponent.
4. One point shall be awarded:
a) for a throw with a fall in which the opponent fell on his chest, stomach, buttocks, lower back or shoulder; b) for a first warning issued to an opponent.

2. Points shall not be awarded to an opponent for an unsuccessful throw by the attacker with a fall during which the attacker himself falls on his buttocks, chest, stomach, side or back if no counterattack was made.
If the defender during a counterattack was unable to alter the nature and direction of the attacker’s fall and falls himself in the direction of the throw, this shall be regarded as a throw by the attacker.

3. Pinning holds performed during a single fight may not be assessed a total of more than 4 points. During a single fight, no more than two assessed pinning holds may be performed provided that the first pinning hold was not complete (assessment of 2 points).
4. The interruption of a fight at the request of the defender who is in a pinning hold or a submission hold shall be regarded as a submission signal unless it is caused by a violation of the Rules by the attacker. In this case, the attacker shall be awarded clear victory.
Stalling
Stalling from a fight shall be regarded as:
a) freely leaving the boundary of the fighting area in a standing or lying position;
b) the lack of real attempts to engage in holds in the standing position;
c) imitating attacking actions (false attack);
d) stalling against holds in the standing position;
e) moving to the lying position without any real attempts to engage in holds;
f) obvious pushing from the mat – of the carpet is a deliberate action aimed to remove the opponent out of the
working area without any technical action.
Actions near the edge of the mat
1. Athletes shall be regarded as in the “off mat” position (outside the edge of the mat) if:
a) one of the athletes steps outside the edge of the mat with both feet in the standing position;
b) half of one of the athlete’s bodies is outside the edge of the mat in the lying position at the waist line or shoulder
blades and buttocks.
2. The “off mat” position shall be determined by the referee during the fight and by a majority of the three officials when discussing disputed issues.
3. If the athletes find themselves “off mat”, they shall return to the center of the mat upon the referee’s whistle and resume the match in standing position. Athletes should not stop fighting near the edge of the mat and invite an opponent to the middle without the referee’s whistle. A throw (counter-throw) that begins in the official part of the mat and ends outside the mat shall be assessed.
A throw that begins “off mat” shall not be assessed.
4. Hold-downs and painful holds that begin on the mat shall be permitted to take place until one of the athletes is still in contact with the official part of the mat.
Prohibited holds and actions
1. The following shall be prohibited in Sambo sports competitions:
a) throw an opponent on his head, throw an opponent while in a submission hold (“knot”, “lever”), throw an opponent
while falling on him with all one’s weight;
b) using a choke hold and also pinching an opponent’s mouth and nose to hinder breathing;
c) punches, scratching and biting;
d) perform any holds on the spine, twist the neck, press on an opponent’s head with arms or legs or to the mat, or
straighten crossed legs on an opponent’s body;
e) rest on an opponent’s face with arms, legs or head;
f) press an elbow or knee down on any part of an opponent’s body;
g) grab an opponent’s fingers or toes;
h) bend hands around the spine or perform submission holds on hands;
i) twist an opponent’s heel and make “knots” on the leg;
j) make the knee a “lever” by bending the leg against its natural bend;
k) performing submission holds while in the standing position;
l) perform submission holds with a jerking motion;
m) grab shorts, the bottom of the jacket, the ends of the belt or the sleeves of an opponent’s jacket from the inside;
n) deliberately violate the sports uniform (remove an arm from the jacket sleeve, roll up a jacket sleeve, remove
Sambo shoes, etc.).
2.If the officials fail to notice a prohibited hold by one of the athletes, the victim may give a signal using his voice or a gesture.
Giving a false signal shall be viewed and punished as (deceiving the officials).
Cautions and warnings
1. Violations of the Rules for which an athlete may be cautioned shall be regarded as: – talking on the mat;
– stalling from fighting;
– tardiness to the mat by more than 30 seconds after the first call;
– leaving the mat without the Arbiter’s permission (including for medical assistance);
– unethical behavior by a representative, referee or other team members close to the mat.
An athlete may not receive more than one caution over the course of a fight. The Arbiter shall be entitled to caution an athlete without the agreement of the other two officials.
2. In addition to cautions, athletes may also receive warnings. Warnings are divided into warnings issued without a preliminary caution and warnings issues with a preliminary caution.
a) warnings with a preliminary caution shall be issued for:
– tardiness to the mat (first warning after 1 minute; second warnings after 1.5 minutes);
– talking on the mat;
– stalling from the fight;
– leaving the mat without the Arbiter’s permission (including for medical assistance);
– unethical behavior by a representative, referee or other team members close to the mat. b) warnings without a preliminary caution shall be issued for:
– applying a prohibited hold;
– rude behavior during the match;
– violating discipline;
– deliberate crawling away from a submission hold or pinning hold outside the official area *.
During the fight, the first and second warnings are issued to an athlete(s) based on the decision of the majority of the officiating board. No more than a total of two warnings may be issued against an athlete within a single fight.
*Athletes shall be given a second warning for the repeat deliberate crawling away from a painful hold or hold-down
outside the official area.
3. Athletes may be dismissed from a fight or disqualified (dismissed from a competition) for violating the rules. Athletes shall be dismissed from a fight:
– in the event of a repeat attempt to commit the actions (except for the deliberate crawling away from a submission hold or pinning hold outside the official area);
– if an athlete is unable to receive medical assistance in the allotted 2 minutes;
– for tardiness to the mat by more than 2 minutes after the first call; An athlete shall be dismissed from a competition (disqualified):
– for rude and unethical behavior with respect to an opponent, contestants, officials and spectators and for the refusal to shake hands or for improperly shaking hands;
– for using a prohibited hold that results in injury to an opponent and the latter’s inability to continue the competition in a doctor’s opinion;
– for deceiving officials.
Determination and announcement of fight result
1. Total victory shall be awarded:
a) if an athlete’s technical action is assessed as a clean throw by at least two of the three officials;
b) in the event an athlete successfully performs a painful hold.
2. Victory with a total advantage, victory on points and minimal advantage shall be determined by the Mat Chairman based on the entries in the fight score sheet made in accordance with the assessments of the athletes’ actions announced during the fight.
3. An athlete (both athletes) shall be dismissed from the fight based on the unanimous decision of the officiating board or with a majority of votes with the consent of the assistant chief official.
The announcement about dismissal from a fight or competition shall be made following coordination with the assistant Chief Referee .
4. The result shall be announced as follows:
The mat on which the fight took place shall be announced first followed by the color of the winner’s uniform and finally the name of the winner.
Example: “On Mat A victory was secured by the athlete in the red uniform – Ivan Ivanov”.